Rural Support Programmes (RSPs) Response to 2022 Heavy Rains and Floods Affected Areas of Pakistan

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Rural Support Programmes (RSPs) Response to 2022 Heavy Rains and Flood Affected Areas of Pakistan

Heavy and unprecedented monsoon season/rains since early July have caused wide scale flooding and flash floods in 116 districts of Pakistan out of which 80 districts are calamity notified; out of which RSPN/RSPs are undertaking flood relief activities in 60 districts. The floods have affected millions of population and resulted in damages to livelihoods and infrastructure across Pakistan. According to the official figures (NDMA, SIT-REP No.087) the massive floods have so far claimed 1,391 lives and injured 12,722 people. The estimated number of affected people is over 33 million, and over 1.73 million houses are either totally (565,878) or partially (1,173,288) damaged leaving behind millions in need of urgent shelter. Over 663,869 people are in relief camps and around 2 million acre of agriculture lands have been affected with crop damage and losses of agriculture produce. The floods have also caused damages to roads, bridges and other public infrastructure. As far as infrastructure is concerned Sindh is the most severely affected province, followed by Balochistan. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab provinces have also been significantly affected. The figures for flood damages are daily updated by NDMA on its website http://cms.ndma.gov.pk

OCHA Situation Report

RSP’s Rapid Situational Analysis

  • Aga Khan Rural Support Programme
  • Sindh Rural Support Organisation
  • National Rural Support Programme
  • Balochistan Rural Support Programme
  • Sarhad Rural Support Programme

Assessment of Communal Infrastructure: AKRSP carried out damage assessment of community-based infrastructure schemes in the six districts of Gilgit-Baltistan and Chitral namely Gilgit, Ghizer, Hunza, Skardu, Lower Chitral and Upper Chitral.

Types of Schemes assessed included - irrigation schemes, water supply schemes, land terracing, green houses, link roads, micro hydel power projects, protective spur, and suspension and foot bridges. The rapid assessment revealed that a total of 112 schemes were damaged by the rains and floods and were in need of rehabilitation. A total of over 17,600 households are affected by these damaged schemes. AKRSP also carried out cost estimation for rehabilitation of these schemes. A total of PKR 79 million is required for reconstruction/rehabilitation of the schemes.

Heavy monsoon rainfall has affected all districts across Sindh, causing floods and flash floods that resulted in casualties and infrastructure damage across various districts of Sindh. The unprecedented spells of monsoon have led to the collapse of Bandhs/Canals/Branches collapsed/breaches and the floodwater wiped out cattle, crops, and farmlands in the affected areas severely impacting livelihood of local communities in addition to infrastructure damages.

SRSO carried out rapid vulnerability assessment in eight worst affected districts of Sindh namely Umerkot, Sanghar, Mirpurkhas, Khairpur, Sukkur, Ghotki, Badin and Thatta. The finding of damage assessment revealed:

  • A total of 345,359 households from 8,705 villages in 367 UCs of 43 talukas of the 8 districts were severely affected by the rains/floods;
  • Human life loss of 66 and over 1,250 are injured;
  • Over 5,000 houses completely damaged/destroyed and over 92,000 partially damaged houses;
  • Migration of over 68,500 households (about 0.5 million population) to other areas;
  • Significant livestock and poultry losses are also reported;
  • Loss and damage to cash crops of cotton, rice, sugar cane as well as seasonal vegetables (chili, paan and tomato) and fruits (banana, lemon and date palm) etc;
  • Damage to public infrastructure, 84 schools, 17 health facilities, 142 water sources, 6 water canals and 2 irrigation canals affected;

Immediate Needs: based on the damage/vulnerability assessment, the immediate needs of the affected population include food items and ration, shelter - tents and NFIs to affected households, water purification kits - chlorine tablets, construction of new and rehabilitation of damaged WASH facilities, hygiene kits, mosquito kits, medical assistance through emergency treatment camps, treatment and vaccination for livestock to reduce potential risks of disease outbreak and to protect their livelihood sources. It is pertinent to mention here that assessment is currently on-going in view of the recent heavy spell of rains and assessment will be further updated.

NRSP also carried out a rapid damage assessment of approx. 100,000 households (0.67 million population) in its 149 affected UCs in 10 programme districts that had been severely affected by floods from Punjab (Mianwali, D.G. Khan, Rajanpur), Sindh (Thatta and Sujawal), Balochistan (Kech, Panjgur, Lasbela, Awaran) and Azad Jammu Kashmir (Poonch) provinces.

Immediate Needs: based on the assessment the immediate needs of the affected population include shelter arrangements, food items, water cans, hygiene kits, NFIs, WASH facilities, medical camps, livestock vaccination and equipment for clearing debris, etc.

Baluchistan has been significantly affected by the rains and floods. Baluchistan Rural Support Programme (BRSP) carried out assessment in 316 villages from 98 union councils of 12 flood affected districts of the province namely Killa Abdullah, Chaman, Pishin, Washuk, Loralai, Quetta, Killa Saifullah, Duki, Zhob, Nasirabad, Kharan and Jaffarabad. The damage assessment revealed the following status and updates:

  • 946 persons were injured and 36 lost lives due to devastations of flood;
  • 3,396 houses were completed damaged whereas 5,355 were partially damaged and 6,481 sustained minor damage;
  • Damage to health and education facilities - 13 schools completely damaged and 59 partially damaged;
  • 3,986 households are without shelter and 12,815 households require tools for shelter;
  • 29,211 households facing food shortage while 21,466 have only food for one week;
  • 32,649 persons (men, women and children) require very serious medical attention;
  • 7,440 children age under-5 years and 7,148 pregnant and lactating women are at risk of malnutrition;
  • Over 50,500-acre agriculture land damaged and 8,328 farmers lost their crops;
  • Livestock and poultry losses are also reported in damage and vulnerability assessment surveys;

Immediate Needs: based on the rapid assessment immediate needs identified included shelter, food items, water cans, hygiene kits, NFIs, WASH facilities, medical camps, livestock vaccination and support for land leveling etc.

The recent monsoon rains are creating a havoc in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The daily situation reports issued by the KP’s Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) provide overview of damages in different districts of KP including Karak, Lower Chitral, Mardan, Swabi, Nowshera, Haripur and Hangu. Upper Kohistan and Chitral have been among the most severely affected districts. Flash floods have severely affected road access in mountainous districts due to washing away of roads and bridges. As per NDMA/PDMA reports over 50,000 population has been affected in KP; with 166 casualties and 195 persons injured. A total of 7,276 houses were fully damaged whereas 6,721 were partially damaged. Floods have also caused damage to public sector facilities and washed away / damaged 7 bridges causing problems of access.

SRSP consulted PDMA and local communities on immediate relief and early recovery needs. Based on this SRSP proposes the following flood response.

Immediate Relief Needs are a) distribution of food and non-food items, shelter/tents, clean drinking water tankers and Jerry Cans for water

Early Recovery Response: once the flood situation returns to normal, communities and government will need assistance for early recovery initiatives such as the following:

  • Cash for work activities – rehabilitation of shelter/material provision, de-silting/cleaning of irrigation channels/canals/water ways, etc;
  • Community based Infrastructure support – rehabilitation/reconstruction of clean drinking water, mini power supply units, agricultural-related infrastructure, access roads/suspension bridges, etc;
  • Livelihood rehabilitation and restoration – capacity building initiatives, climate change adaptation, provision of inputs, etc;

It is pertinent to mention here that severity of damage varies across districts; however, majority of the basic/immediate needs are same for every province/RSP. The costing for some interventions has been done while it needs to be worked out for other interventions. Detailed assessment and costing can be carried out once the situation become slightly better for mobility and districts are finalised.

RSPs' Latest Relief Response

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  • BRSP
  • NRSP
  • SRSO
  • SRSP
  • TRDP

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